Ivory Coast Cocoa Child Labor
More than 70% of the world’s cocoa is grown in the region, with the majority coming from two countries: Ivory Coast and Ghana, which together produce 60% of the global total.
According to a 2016 Fortune article:
“In early 2000s the biggest chocolate makers agreed to eradicate the worst forms of child labor, as defined by the International Labor Organization’s Convention No. 182, by July 1, 2005. The deadline for meeting the goals of the Harkin-Engel Protocol was then pushed back to 2008, then 2010—and then it was really extended. The industry is now working on its pledge in 2010 to reduce child labor in Ivory Coast and Ghana by 70% by 2020.
Unfortunately, progress has been slow—and by some measures the problem has actually gotten worse in recent years. In July 2015 the Payson Center for International Development at Tulane University released the findings of a comprehensive survey of child labor in Ivory Coast and Ghana in the 2013–14 growing season. The report found that 2.1 million children had been engaged in inappropriate forms of child labor in Ivory Coast and Ghana combined—a 21% increase over the 1.75 million identified in its survey five years earlier. Of those, 96% were found to be involved in “hazardous activity.” The number of children reported to be performing dangerous tasks fell by 6% in Ghana but jumped by 46% in Ivory Coast.”
Fortune Investigation into Child Slave Labor on West African Cocoa Farms
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